Wednesday, April 29, 2015

Viewers vs. Doers. The relationship between watching food television and BMI.

Obtaining cooking information from television shows and social media was found to be associated with increased body weight. Cooking from scratch was also associated with increased weight. Obtaining cooking information from other print, online, or in-person sources was not significantly associated with body weight.  (Appetite. 2015 Jul 1;90:131-5.)
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Saturday, April 25, 2015

A systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of sensory, psychological and behavioural interventions for managing agitation in older adults with dementia.

Non-pharmacological therapies, including music therapy, are effective at helping reduce agitation in care-home dementia residents. Therapies that appear to be helpful include patient-centered care, dementia care mapping, sensory therapy activities, and structured music therapies.  (Health Technol Assess. 2014 Jun;18(39):1-226, v-vi.)
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Friday, April 17, 2015

Effects of earplugs and eye masks combined with relaxing music on sleep, melatonin and cortisol levels in ICU patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Earplugs and eye masks combined with relaxing music helped patients in terms of their depth of sleep, falling asleep, awakenings, falling asleep again after awakening and overall sleep quality.  (Crit Care. 2015 Mar 27;19(1):115.)
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Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Effect of Brief Mindfulness Practice on Self-Reported Affect, Craving, and Smoking: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Using Ecological Momentary Assessment.

Brief mindulness practice was found to reduce cigarette craving and cigarette use, suggesting it may be a useful tool for smoking cessation.  (Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Apr 11. pii: ntv074.)
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Alcohol Use in Films and Adolescent Alcohol Use.

This study of over 5000 adolescents found that those with the highest exposure to alcohol use in movies, compared to those with the least exposed, were 70% more likely to binge drink and twice as likely to have alcohol-related problems.  (Pediatrics. 2015 Apr 13. pii: peds.2014-2978.)
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Saturday, February 14, 2015

Friday, February 13, 2015

More Than Resisting Temptation: Beneficial Habits Mediate the Relationship Between Self-Control and Positive Life Outcomes.

Self-control is associated with positive life outcomes in part due to the development of good habits by people with high self-control.  (J Pers Soc Psychol. 2015 Feb 2)
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Long-term effects of exercise and amino acid supplementation on muscle mass, physical function and falls in community-dwelling elderly Japanese sarcopenic women: A 4-year follow-up study.

Participation by the elderly in an exercise and nutritional supplementation program was found to help prevent declines in lower extremity muscle mass, strength and mobility, factors all thought to be important in preventing falls in the elderly.  (Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2015 Feb 5.)
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Effectiveness and feasibility of assistant push on improvement of chest compression quality: a crossover study.

The assistant-push method used in CPR has a second rescuer push the back of the chest compressor during chest compressions. This method improved the depth of chest compressions and helped maintain adequate CPR over time.  (Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Dec 15. pii: S0735-6757(14)00904-8.)
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Acute effects of walking, cycling, and yoga exercise on cognition in persons with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis without impaired cognitive processing speed.

Treadmill walking appears to have beneficial effects on executive (cognitive) control in persons with relapsing-remitting MS without impaired cognitive processing speed.  (J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2015 Feb 6:1-11.)
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