Thursday, October 30, 2014

What Are Vegetables?

Vegetables are categorized in several different groups, here a list of the common ones:



    Dark Green Vegetables
        bok choy
        broccoli
        collard greens
        dark green leafy lettuce
        kale
        mesclun
        mustard greens
        romaine lettuce
        spinach
        turnip greens
        watercress
 

    Starchy vegetables
        cassava
        corn
        fresh cowpeas, field peas, or black-eyed peas (not dry)
        green bananas
        green peas
        green lima beans
        plantains
        potatoes
        taro
        water chestnuts


    Red & orange vegetables
        acorn squash
        butternut squash
        carrots
        hubbard squash
        pumpkin
        red peppers
        sweet potatoes
        tomatoes
        tomato juice

    Beans and peas
        black beans
        black-eyed peas (mature, dry)
        garbanzo beans (chickpeas)
        kidney beans
        lentils
        navy beans
        pinto beans
        soy beans
        split peas
        white beans


    Other vegetables
        artichokes
        asparagus
        avocado
        bean sprouts
        beets
        Brussels sprouts
        cabbage
        cauliflower
        celery
        cucumbers
        eggplant
        green beans
        green peppers
        iceberg (head) lettuce
        mushrooms
        okra
        onions
        turnips
        wax beans
        zucchini


What Are Vegetables? - Food Groups - ChooseMyPlate.gov - USDA

Monday, October 20, 2014

A pilot investigation of a pediatric surgery journal club.


A pilot investigation of a pediatric surgery journal club.
BACKGROUND: The CanMEDS competency "scholar" encompasses the creation, dissemination, application, and translation of medical knowledge. We hypothesize that a structured journal club (JC) for pediatric surgical trainees would meet these objectives in an enjoyable and long-lasting manner.

METHODS: A JC involving two pediatric surgery training programs was created with each session focusing on a specific study design. Pre-tests/post-tests were administered before/after each session with durability of learning assessed during the following session. Metrics analyzed included participant satisfaction and an appraisal of evidence-based medicine (EBM) principals. Test results were analyzed using the paired T-test with p<0.05 considered significant.

RESULTS: On average, 14 participants attended each session, with all trainees present (4). While participants believed they understood EBM principles, 40% were unfamiliar with question formulation, 48% were unfamiliar with critical appraisal tools, and 60% had not appraised an article within the previous year. Pre-test to post-test comparison yielded an improvement in mean score (20=perfect score): 10.8 to 16.9, p<0.01. Measures of participant satisfaction were uniformly positive.

CONCLUSION: A structured Pediatric Surgery Journal Club addresses scholarly training objectives in a highly satisfactory manner and yields durable learning. A web-based curriculum based on this model could serve as an important educational tool for trainees and attending staff alike.


J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May;49(5):811-4

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Global emergency medicine journal club: social media responses to the march 2014 annals of emergency medicine journal club on targeted temperature management.

Global emergency medicine journal club: social media responses to the march 2014 annals of emergency medicine journal club on targeted temperature management.
In March 2014, Annals of Emergency Medicine continued a successful collaboration with an academic Web site, Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM), to host another Global Emergency Medicine Journal Club session featuring the 2013 New England Journal of Medicine article "Targeted Temperature Management at 33°C (91.4°F) Versus 36°C (96.8°F) After Cardiac Arrest" by Nielsen et al. This online journal club used Twitter conversations, a live videocast with the authors, and detailed discussions on the ALiEM Web site's comment section.

Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Aug;64(2):207-12